How bad book covers happen: the sordid truth
Needless to say, publishers, editors and cover designers want each cover to be a thing of beauty that will delight the author and sell enough copies to rebuild the Great Wall of China. A lot of work and passion goes into these. People really do try to get it right, and much of the time, they do. Nevertheless…
This is what the author wants:
This is what Sales thinks will sell:
This is the designer’s artistic vision:
And this is what the budget allows:
Keeping all these different needs and expectations in mind, you rough out a concept and design that really works for the book and balances author feedback, budget and editorial judgement… and then you take it to a committee of fifteen people.
Editor: So this book is about a football match between Allied prisoners of war and Nazi soldiers. We’ve gone for a football with a swastika on it.
Marketing: The swastika looks Nazi.
Editor: It’s about Nazis.
Publicity: We don’t want it to look Nazi.
Editor: This isn’t a pro-Nazi book. If this book was any less pro-Nazi it would be Simon Wiesenthal. It’s about Nazis.
Marketing: It’s got a swastika on it. It looks Nazi. Do something else.
Second cover meeting
Editor: So this is the book about a football match between Allied prisoners of war and Nazi soldiers, again. We’ve gone for an old-fashioned footballing image with some barbed wire superimposed over it.
Marketing: That just doesn’t say ‘Second World War’ strongly enough. It needs some sort of iconic Second World War thing, some sort of image that sums up the period…
Designer [very quietly]: Like a swastika?
Publicity: I don’t like those football shorts, they look silly, and it’s very old-fashioned. Isn’t there a sexier image?
Sales: Oooh. Can we use modern footballers, and do a sort of Instagram photo treatment to make it look old?
Editor and designer, in chorus: NO.
High-up person: Why don’t we do a photoshoot with a modern footballer, like David Beckham, in Second World War gear?
Editor: Because you gave me a budget of £250.
Publicity: Let’s see some other options.
Fourth cover meeting
Editor, slumped in chair: It’s the Nazi football book again.
[Chorus of groans]
Designer: I’ve done nineteen alternative treatments this time. This one has a montage of searchlights and barbed wire, these ones have every photo of a 1940s footballer available for free off Shutterstock, this one is entirely typographic, this is Wayne Rooney photoshopped onto the trenches of Ypres –
Editor, through teeth: Wrong war.
Designer: This one is a picture of a rose for some symbolic reason that the editor told me about, this one is a football exploding when it’s shot, this is a bullet being kicked into a goal…
High-up person: I like the rose.
Sales [carefully]: I don’t think a rose says ‘Nazis playing football’.
Editor: It has a thematic meaning in the context of the book.
High-up person: We should have the rose.
[All salespeople glare at editor.]
Publicity: The rose is pretty. It would look great on the shelf.
Marketing, desperately: What if we use the rose but put a football behind it? And maybe barbed wire over the top?
[Editor slumps further down into chair. Designer bites back a sob.]
Author phone call
Editor: I know… yeah, yeah… well, the rose has a thematic meaning in the context – No. No. Well, that’s what the cover meeting said. Right. I’m sorry you feel that way.
One year later
Marketing: This book hasn’t sold at all. Why did we use a rose on the cover? Surely it should have been much simpler. Something like… a football with a swastika on it.
This happened with my first novel. I’m in the process of talking to a lawyer trying to get my rights back.
Holy heck. Good luck.
Thanks, KJ. I’d had such high hopes, and then they gave me one of those naked, headless covers.
I think I may have seen the one you mean. Ouch. 🙁
As a new author thinking about submitting a manuscript, this terrifies me. It’s hilarious, but still terrifies me.
Don’t be terrified! I was actually scared, heart thumping, to look at my first cover, and it is *gorgeous*. 🙂
We might be admonished not to judge a book by it’s cover but I can’t think of anything that’s less accurate a description of book buying behavior. I really feel for any author for what happens after a sales/budget meeting discussion over art. This story was madly amusing but far too ironic.
I have a pumpkin molester. Whose head is pasted on, yay.
I’ve had some really GOOD covers. But my first offering with a new publisher, and it got the pumpkin molester.
… I will be looking that up!
Yeah. It does definitely raise the question of what he’s doing to the pumpkin.
This sounds to me like an everyday story, not only relevant for book covers, but for the whole industry. Many battles fought, only a few won the rest were compromises.
Thanks for the comments! I should say, I’ve never worked anywhere that people didn’t care passionately about getting covers right. Everyone in the above sketch is trying their best for the book and author. It’s just, sometimes things go inexplicably off track, and afterwards nobody quite knows how.
Hmmm… Any advice on how to get it right? What would make a good book cover? How do you get there?
Huge question! Basically, though, a cover has to make the target reader want to pick it up and not be disappointed when they read. So in the above, even if the rose cover came out gorgeous, it would still be bad because Nazi/football readers would be disinclined to pick it up and ‘lovely rose’ readers would not be wanting that story. So your basic question has to be ‘does this look good to the real readers?’ Packaging for the wrong reader (eg putting a chick lit cover on a Gothic family drama) is your first step towards doom.
As a bookseller, unfortunately that’s exactly how we buy a book. We look at the cover, are given a quick spiel by the rep, we name a quantity we move on..it’s heartless but that’s how it goes. Been in the business 20+ years and are still amazed sometimes by the completely unsuitable covers some books have. Good luck authors, its a hard game!
Great blog – it made me laugh, and be thankful that nothing I write with probably ever be published.
A while back I tweeted Jojo Moyes to ask whether she agreed that the pink-themed, quite ‘girly’ covers of some of her books might cause some men to pass them by. As this blog illustrates, she replied that she had very little control over the covers but, whereas the books had a predominantly female readership, the ebooks were downloaded by more men than women.
Freedom from the tyranny of book shaming is probably the greatest thing about e readers.
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I have been a book designer for more years than I like to say. This is an entirely accurate description of every cover meeting I’ve ever been to, except someone always wants it in red.
In red. Or how about blue? What if we did no 4 with the font from no 7, but in the red?
And that’s in the meetings that go well. Gahhhh.
Brilliant but scary.
Oh god, I’m having flashbacks to every single cover meeting I’ve every attended (and flash forwards to all the ones I have to attend in the future).
If you want a vision of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face forever. Now imagine it in blue. Or try a green?
I laughed through my tears. Why do we put ourselves through it? The books look so good when they’re just on our own computers.
In fairness, I see so many designers pull together gorgeous covers from a budget that would barely cover a round in the pub. It’s just that when it goes wrong it goes so very, very wrong. And always with the best of intentions…
When Taylor Swift made the decision to pull all her music from Spotify’s streaming service, she was making a statement about how harmful Spotify’s economic model is for artists. Most artists make less than a cent per song stream, which is not enough to keep them going (at least when compared to how much they make from selling albums). While there are some who believe that Spotify helped bolster the music market, some record companies are done with Spotify’s low rates.
Universal Music Group is urging Spotify to place a limit on how many songs the “freemium” accounts on Spotify can stream, . FT’s unnamed source said that “It’s clear that the key to success for artists, consumers and Spotify alike is developing an offering that drives more free users to the paid tier.”
This isn’t the first time that record labels have argued for Spotify to place tougher limits on free Spotify users. Sony Music and Warner Music have both attempted to get Spotify to change the account limits, but Spotify has repeatedly stated that it believes that if it increased limits, it would end up slowing down the conversion rate of free accounts to paid, as well as turning millions to using YouTube and pirated music over Spotify. “Spotify is monetising people who have never been monetised before,” the music streaming service told FT.
Specifically, Universal is asking Spotify to cap the amount of time that users of Spotify free accounts have before they are required to upgrade their accounts.
Most music labels were big supporters of music streaming at first. However, as digital sales decreased, the labels have changed their position on Spotify, .
While Spotify’s revenue grew to more than a billion dollars in 2013, and its user base users in 2014, the streaming service has not been able to make a profit.
I didn’t think there was so much to it.